If Addison's disease is suspected, blood tests will be carried out to measure the levels of sodium, potassium and cortisol in your body. The symptoms of hyponatraemia are not specific, so you’d need to pop in on your doc for a blood test to measure your sodium levels. A deficiency of sodium causes reduced growth and feed efficiency. Sodium along with chloride and bicarbonate maintains the balance of electrically charged particles in the fluids and tissues. Treatment of sodium deficiency would depend on the cause of the condition. While you lose a little sodium every day when you sweat or urinate,   it is generally not enough to cause a sodium deficiency unless you are severely malnourished. These symptoms are often associated with depression. CBD Oil and Multiple Sclerosis: Is There a Positive Connection? This can cause mild symptoms of nausea and headaches and eventually lead to rapid brain swelling and death. Sodium deficiency, or hyponatremia, can present in 2 ways. Older people are more likely to have severe symptoms. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. Treating the Cause and Symptoms of Sodium Deficiency. This condition particularly arises because of dehydration in the body. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. If moderate this condition is not very dangerous and it usually includes symptoms like weakness, apathy, nausea, cramps in the muscles of legs and hands. Treatment for hyponatremia are diet changes and electrolyte replacement with an IV. Anything below 135 mEq/L is labeled as hyponatremia. This site offers information designed for entertainment & educational purposes only. Medical history and physical examinations may also be required. Sodium deficiency is also known as hyponatremia. It maintains a balance of positive and negative ions in the body fluid and tissues. Without this process the water levels in cells would accumulate and cause the cells to swell and possibly burst. Hyponatremia occurs when sodium levels in the blood are too low. This can hamper normal body functions. Thus, they are advised to drink sports drinks, sports gels, or other electrolyte replacement supplements. The Sodium deficiency symptoms may not be visible in mild hyponatremia. A deficiency of potassium could occur on high concentrate diets, with symptoms including poor appetite, urinary calculi, body stiffness progressing from front to rear and pica. Hyponatremia is a low sodium concentration in the blood. While the minimum intake of sodium chloride or NaCl is 3-4 grams, an average person consumes 8-10 grams of NaCl or even more. This can cause many neurological problems and can be fatal if not promptly corrected. They can generally be managed using antiemetics such as metoclopramide and ondansetron. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. vomiting, tiredness, muscle spasms, and. This can even lead to serious neurologic impairments and fluid retention in the brain (brain edema). Severe hyponatremia can lead to coma and can be fatal. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Once the sodium level drops, our cells expand from the abundance of water present in the blood. The normal sodium concentration in the blood plasma is 136-145. It can be caused by excessive sodium loss, for example due to prolonged activity and excessive sweating, or chronic diarrhea … The kidneys and adrenal glands are responsible for regulating sodium … Patients may complain of with headache, nausea and vomiting, lethargy, and confusion. Sodium or ‘Na’ is the predominant cation in the extra-cellular fluid. The doctor needs to find out the exact reason behind the mineral deficiency. Kidney or congestive heart failure, hypothyroidism, cirrhosis, medications, or strenuous exercise without electrolyte replacement can cause hyponatremia. How quickly the sodium level falls - hyponatraemia can be divided into acute or chronic. Consumption of sodium-rich food should be closely monitored as it can affect the body negatively and may cause diseases like hypertension. Symptoms include lethargy, confusion, and fatigue. Both nausea and vomiting are non-specific symptoms that can be seen in many conditions other than hyponatremia, such as pregnancy, viral infections, bacterial infections, food poisoning, and more. Anaemia is where you have fewer red blood cells than normal or you have an abnormally low amount of a … Human beings consume sodium in the form of sodium chloride. Find out common low sodium symptoms and when to seek treatment for hyponatremia. After these tests, the exact cause of the deficiency is ascertained and the treatment follows in that direction. Sodium is an essential mineral that is found in any food, specially processed ones. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Treatment. Severe hyponatremia can cause seizures, coma and even death. Symptoms of sodium deficiency may vary from one person to another. Sodium is an essential electrolyte in the body. The kidneys and adrenal glands are responsible for regulating sodium levels. Sodium deficiency is extremely rare, but it can occur. Treatment. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. By jolene. It is needed to stimulate muscle contraction, as it is the major component of nerves. If the sodium concentration drops quickly to critical levels, seizures, coma, and death may occur. 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